"Spunti per una ricerca sul principio di fraternità nel pensiero latinoamericano"
Abstract: The term «fraternity» is almost completely absent from the vast corpus of texts that make up Latin American thought. Some studies (Mario Casalla, Carlos Beorlegui, Arturo Andrés Roig), however, have begun to identify a role for the principle of fraternity in the process that has led to the establishment of a «collective historical subject», which can be defined as a «people» or «peoples». Fraternity, therefore, has played a part in the historical development of Latin American identity. This process finds its intellectual roots in the School of Salamanca, but has been influence by Enlightenment thought. This essay maps the roots of the process, highlighting some of its main steps: the definition of colonial identity by Viscardo y Guzmán, Simón Bolívar’s search for a new American fraternity, and the rediscovery of the pre-Hispanic model of fraternity.